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open folder Industry Trends

Society for Healthcare Engineering commits to improving energy efficiency in hospitals (infoZine) (07/13/2006)
Making public commitment to imporve energy efficiency in hospitals by 10 percent, the American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE) aof the American Hospital Association (AHA) announced it is joining the Energy Star Challenge.

Voluntary "Hospitals for Healthy Environment" Thriving After Cuts Force Spin-off from EPA (H2E) (07/11/2006)
BNA recently wrote an article about the H2E transition into a non-profit entity. We need to a do a little bit of communications to our hospitals, mainly to let them know that more communcations on the details of the transition will be coming their way directly from H2E.

Note: Password is required.

DOE calls on automakers to increase flex-fuel vehicle availability (DOE) (05/02/2006)
During his remarks at Friday's biofuels symposium in Washington, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Alexander A. Karsner, called on automakers to increase the production and availability of flex-fuel vehicles (those that can be powered by E-85, a high percentage ethanol blend and other biofuels).

USDA Finalizes List of First Six Items Designated for Biobased Purchasing Preference (United Soybean Board) (03/26/2006)
In a March 16, 2006 notice in the Federal Register (70 FR 13686),the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) finalized the list of the first six biobased items that would be afforded Federal purchasing preference under Section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.

1st Water Quality, Drought, Human Health & Engineering Conference, Oct. 18-20, 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada (ASME) (03/15/2006)
This unique 2 ½ -day forum will address issues regarding water quantity, quality, drought, human health & engineering. In addition, new advances in remediation technology will be discussed, along with policies regarding regulation and legislation. Attendees will include scientists and engineers, managers, legislators, and policy makers responsible for issues dealing with water.

EPA, industry launch initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (EPA) (03/13/2006)
A public-private partnership will help reduce emissions that deplete the ozone layer and contribute to climate change. EPA and the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute announced an initiative that promotes the environmentally responsible use of fluorocarbon refrigerants in the annual manufacture of more than 8 million residential and commercial air conditioning units and refrigeration systems.

Efficiency is its own reward (Mechanical Engineering) (03/13/2006)
Building a green factory was intended to be a neighborly gesture, but it wound up making fundamental business sense.

Sweden Plans to Be World's First Oil-Free Economy (02/08/2006)
Sweden is to take the biggest energy step of any advanced western economy by trying to wean itself off oil completely within 15 years - without building a new generation of nuclear power stations.

EPA rule may boost biodieselFuel could replace sulfur as lubricant (The Journal Gazette) (01/09/2006)
The Environmental Protection Agency is requiring fuel refineries to lower the amount of air-polluting sulfur in diesel fuel by Oct. 15. Sulfur helps lubricate engines, so refineries will need to substitute another fuel additive to keep engines running smoothly. Biodiesel would work well as a replacement for sulfur because it also oils engines, supporters say, although it would likely cost more than a synthetic substitute.

MO - Kansas City Area School Goes Solar (KC infoZine) (12/09/2005)
The Missouri Department of Natural Resources announced that Smith-Hale Middle School will be the first Kansas City-area school to join the department's Missouri Schools Going Solar program.

Hospital, Heal Thyself: Greening the Design and Construction of Healthcare Facilities (Sustainable Business) (11/28/2005)
What we do to our environment, we do to ourselves, the saying goes. Nowhere is this principle played out more dramatically than in our hospitals, where doctors and nurses work the front lines against environmental illness, treating patients for cancers caused by exposure to toxic materials, asthma triggered by breathing dirty air, and heat stroke brought on by heat waves made more severe by climate change.

Energy Efficiency Offers Relief to Manufacturers Suffering From Run-Up in Natural Gas Prices, Says Alliance to Save Energy (ASE) (11/09/2005)
Today's record-high prices for natural gas and other fuels are forcing U.S. manufacturers to pursue energy-efficient technologies and practices. Manufacturers are cutting their energy waste - and thereby energy costs - in an economical and cost-effective manner, according to the Alliance to Save Energy.

SAM'S CLUB Partners With NatureWorks(R) PLA to Help the Environment (Pr News Wire) (10/26/2005)
At the 2005 Sustainable Packaging Forum, NatureWorks LLC and SAM'S CLUB, a division of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. , co-presented the results of a year-long program to introduce the use of NatureWorks PLA (R) in fresh cut produce packaging at SAM'S CLUB and Wal-Mart Super Centers. The clear, thermoformed packaging will begin to appear in stores nationwide beginning in November 2005, starting with fresh cut fruit, herbs, strawberries and Brussels sprouts.

American Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) Accepts EPA's Energy Star Challenge to Improve Energy Efficiency (FedCenter.gov) (10/05/2005)
AEE has announced a trademarked program Green Building Engineers, designed to help reduce energy use by 10 percent or more. AEE's program, developed in partnership with EPA through its Energy Star Challenge, help educates energy engineers about ways to improve energy efficiency in buildings. The program also provides certification for engineers with knowledge of energy efficiency principles and practices that improve building energy management. The program will serve as a valuable resource for building owners looking to improve their building's energy efficiency and apply for EPA's Energy Star.

EPA Raises the Bar for New Homes to Earn Energy Star Label (EPA) (09/29/2005)
Builders of new homes in the United States will have to significantly increase the energy efficiency of their homes to meet new Energy Star requirements released today. Over the next 20 years, EPA estimates that this increase in energy efficiency for Energy Star qualified homes will save homeowners more than $2 billion in utility bills, while eliminating more than 7 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions.

At Clean Plants, It's Waste Not (wired.com) (08/15/2005)
Each week, hundreds of new cars1 roll out of the Subaru factory in Lafayette, Indiana. What doesn't come out of the plant is garbage. When the garbage truck rolls up to the curb in front of your house each week, it hauls away more trash than is generated by the manufacturing processes at the factory.

Ford Developing Greener and More Efficient Painting Systems; Fumes-to-Fuel a Part (Green Car Congress) (08/01/2005)
Ford's new paint process cuts VOCs 15-75 percentage points. Ford has been engaged in an ambitious multi-year project to reshape the financial and environmental costs associated with vehicle painting through a new painting process that provides a 15-75 percentage point reduction in VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) and a 20%-25% reduction in CO2 emissions compared to other current processes (as well as reducing the cost per vehicle).

Hybrid cabs get a look from city (NY Daily News) (07/29/2005)
Yellow cabs are going green - and the new air-friendly models could be on the road in New York City this fall.

EPA Praises Electronics Recycling Pilot (Recycling Today) (07/18/2005)
An analysis of the pilot program held in mid-2004 was recently completed. EPA, Staples Inc. and the Product Stewardship Institute Inc. (PSI) collaborated on the pilot, which sought to determine if a major retailer could provide electronics recycling services to its retail and commercial customers within the company's existing distribution infrastructure. The pilot was conducted with the help of an EPA grant of more than $46,000.

Going Green Can Improve the Bottom Line (Business Edge) (07/11/2005)
Being environmentally friendly at the office differs greatly from a business's social responsibility code, whether it's lip service or not. Instead of looking macro, companies must focus on the micro matters that can harm the environment...

Renewable fuel will energize Ocean Spray's Wisconsin Rapids Plant (Ocean Spray) (06/15/2005)
It's an environmental twist on the old trash to treasure story. Ocean Spray is tapping into a unique source of energy to power its new manufacturing operation here: methane gas from the nearby landfill. Under a just-signed partnership between Ocean Spray and Onyx Cranberry Creek Landfill, construction will begin next month on a one-mile-long pipeline that will carry methane gas to the plant, where it will fuel steam boilers used to energize a cranberry concentrator currently being installed.

The 4th National Small Farm Conference, October 16-19, 2005, at the Sheraton Greensboro Hotel/Koury Convention Center at Four Seasons in Greensboro, NC. (CSREES) (06/13/2005)
National small farm conferences, held every 3 years, attract between 600 and 800 participants. They provide a venue for small farm program leaders from federal, state, and local organizations to learn about successful programs that help small producers enhance incomes to levels comparable to other economic sectors. Special attention is paid to programs that have the potential to be replicated elsewhere in the nation. Each conference is held in a different region of the country to ensure that a diversity of small farm specialists and producer populations can participate. Each conference is organized primarily by USDA's Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service in conjunction with other USDA agencies and other public and private sector organizations.

Iowa Gives Tax Break for Soy Fluids (Lubes-and-Greases) (06/08/2005)
In an effort to help farmers by stimulating industrial use of vegetable oils, the governor of Iowa signed into law Monday a bill providing tax breaks to manufacturers that convert to soybean-based metalworking fluids. Proponents call the legislation a cost-effective way to kick start demand for soy-based products and said they hope to see the program imitated by other states.

[MACRO-Exchange] Recycling Markets Workshops (EPA) (06/07/2005)
FYI - this series of locally-based workshops could serve as a model for connecting recycling players and strengthening networks in your region/state. Recycling Markets Workshops: Increasing Profit and Reducing Expenses In 2004, the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance sponsored five market development workshops as a networking opportunity and information exchange for local governments, waste haulers, and major local businesses around Minnesota. Topics of discussion included: -Local markets for plastic, glass, paper, and some region-specific materials -Lower cost transportation options -Local, national, and international market trends -Regional solid waste management trends -Event recycling successes -Making the case for recycling -Electronics update -Useful resources

Green Chemistry for Sustainability (Chem Alliance) (05/25/2005)
Operating sustainable businesses that provide value-added products and services with minimal or no environmental impact has become a top priority for the chemical and process industries. A green approach to the manufacture and marketing of chemical products is an important aspect of a successful sustainability initiative. Green chemistry also offers chemical producers a mechanism for connecting chemicals and chemistry to the consumer in a positive way. Many companies, both large and small, have demonstrated that a green chemistry approach can be a commercially viable one by developing products or services that have enhanced performance qualities and/or cost savings in addition to reducing the environmental footprint of their businesses.

Soy Flour Offers Chemical-Free Adhesive for Particleboard and Plywood (EPA) (05/06/2005)
An Oregon State University professor, Kaichang Li, has discovered a new adhesive that is a safe replacement for chemical glues in plywood, particleboard, and other manufactured wood that leak formaldehyde fumes into enclosed spaces. He concocted the new adhesive from a recipe of soy flour and amino acids, patterned after the tiny silken threads made of proteins and amino acids that mussels create to hold themselves to rocks under the force of battering waves. The new adhesive is stronger than the wood it binds, as tests show plywood panels breaking under stress before the glued seams using the new soy adhesive.

Building a Chemical Industry Management System - The Successful Development of the Responsible Distribution Process (Chem Alliance) (05/02/2005)
One of the biggest undertakings to which an industry sector can commit is developing a comprehensive environmental, health, safety, and security program. For members of the National Association of Chemical Distributors, the development of the Responsible Distribution ProcessSM (RDP) in 1991 embodied the chemical distribution sector's commitment to improving its environmental and health and safety performance. Through a program requiring member companies to take specific action steps towards this goal, and have their actions verified by an independent third-party, NACD members have successfully demonstrated improved performance in toxic emissions and workplace incidents. Still, NACD acknowledges that RDP alone is neither a guarantee in regulatory compliance nor absolute protection against incidents or public perception. This article by Bill Allmond, NACD's Director of Regulatory and Public Affairs, provides an inside look into how one sector of the chemical industry overcame considerable challenges to develop a mandatory program and how it continues to achieve success with its implementation.

EPA Public Workshop on Data Requirements for Conventional Pesticides, May 3-4, 2005, Arlington, VA (EPA) (04/07/2005)
The EPA is convening a 2-day public workshop to explain the provisions of its recently proposed rule updating and revising data requirements for conventional pesticides in 40 CFR parts 152 and 158. The data requirements identify the types of information that EPA needs to determine that a pesticide product can be registered, a tolerance or exemption can be issued for pesticide residues in food, or the pesticide can be used experimentally. The proposed rule is intended to: Improve the scientific basis for pesticide decisions; update the requirements last codified in 1984; and reorganize part 158 to improve usability. These efforts will help protect human health and the environment by identifying, assessing, and reducing the risks of conventional pesticides for use in the United States. This workshop is open to the public.

Animal Feeding Operation Air Quality Agreement Comment and Signup Period Extended (EPA) (03/23/2005)
In order to provide more time for public comment and for stakeholders to make informed decisions about participation, the comment period will be reopened on EPA's air quality compliance agreement to address emissions from certain animal feeding operations, also known as AFOs. This agreement is part of the Agency's ongoing effort to minimize air emissions from such operations and to ensure that they comply with the Clean Air Act and other laws. EPA will publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing a reopening of the comment period from April 1 to May 2, 2005. The deadline for AFOs to sign the agreement was May 1, 2005, but will be extended until July 1, 2005.

Ford Motor Company Adopts S/P2 Online Training in Safety and P2 (CCAR) (03/22/2005)
Press Release announcing that Ford Motor Company has adopted our S/P2 online training in Safety and Pollution Prevention for its Technical Career Entry Programs across the U.S.

EPA Healthy School Environments Assessment Tool Beta Version Now Available for Testing (EPA) (03/15/2005)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is developing a new, completely voluntary, and fully customizable tool to help school districts conduct self-assessments of their school facilities for potential environmental health and safety hazards. The heart of the tool is a powerful database file that will let school districts customize the tool to manage all aspects of a facility assessment program. The tool comes pre- loaded with a checklist that integrates all of EPA's voluntary and regulatory programs for schools, and is designed so that states and school districts can incorporate their own policies and programs, producing a customized checklist and reference guidebook.

Metrics for innovation: Guidelines for developing a customized suite of innovation metrics (PDF) (Strategy and Leadership) (02/15/2005)
Today more than ever before, companies must exploit their innovative capabilities to develop new businesses if they are to successfully confront the disruptive effects of emerging technologies, empowered customers, new market entrants, shorter product life cycles, geopolitical instability, and market globalization. Indeed, the development of innovative capabilities is the only means by which companies can sustain a competitive advantage.

EPA Announces Air Quality Compliance Agreement for Animal Feeding Operations (EPA) (02/03/2005)
EPA announced on January 21 an air quality compliance agreement to address emissions from certain animal feeding operations, also known as AFOs. This agreement is part of EPA's ongoing effort to minimize air emissions from animal feeding operations and to ensure those operations comply with the Clean Air Act and other laws.

A New Environment for Insurance and Auto Body Repair; Allstate Connects Safety, Pollution Prevention and Quality (12/10/2004)
Allstate, the nation's second largest auto insurer, is asking the more than 3,200 auto body repair facilities across the country that participate in its direct repair program to complete an auto body specific environmental and safety-training program.

Hyperion Offers Employees $5,000 Toward Purchase of Hybrid Cars (PPRC) (12/08/2004)
Hyperion Solutions, a Silicon Valley software company, has launched a first-of-its-kind initiative to help its employees purchase fuel-efficient cars for their personal use.

City considers sack tax (Topeka Capital Journal) (11/23/2004)
San Francisco officials are considering charging grocery stores 17 cents each for grocery bags to discourage use of plastic sacks.

"Swine Oil" - Turning Hog CAFO Waste To Energy (Power & Energy) (10/07/2004)
"That's the smell of money!" At least that's what you hear in these parts. Interesting article on the state of the technology in producing energy from CAFO lagoon waste.

World's First Commercialization of Mercury-Free Silver Oxide Battery Sony Corporation (10/07/2004)
Starting January 2005, 10 models of mercury-free batteries will be commercialized on a world-wide basis. Silver Oxide battery is mainly used for wrist watches, small-size thermometers and mobile game products. Annually, Sony sells approx. 400 Million Silver Oxide batteries worldwide, and considering the fact that the mercury level of Sony's silver oxide batteries is 0.2% of the total content of a battery, making them mercury-free will lead to reducing the annual usage of mercury by 320 kg, which dramatically contribute to protecting the environment.

Hybrid Vehicle Technology Review - Fuel Cell Future (Mechanical Engineering) (10/07/2004)
It has been five years since Honda introduced the hybrid, Insight, to the US. This article looks at the still numerous technical issues associated with a hydrogen fuel economy, and the role of the current hybrid vehicle in meeting the economic and transportation pressures in the coming years.

Healthcare Green Supplier Network Lead By Baxter (US EPA) (07/07/2004)
The Green Suppliers Network, has expanded its ground-breaking approach to incorporating lean and clean practices into healthcare supply organizations. Baxter Healthcare is spearheading the project. Baxter had already started to incorporate lean manufacturing practices into its organization.

"One thing we've discovered, however, is that lean doesn't always mean clean," says the manager of Baxter's EH&S engineering, Jenni Cawein. "The Green Supplier Network will help our suppliers achieve this balance."

Five suppliers to a Baxter manufacturing plant in Puerto Rico have signed up. One supplier completed the GSN review in 2003.

"The review identified opportunities to reduce hazardous chemical use, energy and other resources," says Cawein. "We also expect suppliers to benefit from greater efficiencies and bottom-line cost improvements, which we hope will result in more competitive pricing."

"When we learned about the Green Supplier Network, it didn't take long for us to decide to participate," says Dave Valentini, Baxter's VP of purchasing and supplier management. "The network goes even further, putting technical professionals on suppliers' manufacturing floors to train them in clean manufacturing processes."

Baxter's participation has prompted GSN to add healthcare to their list of target industries. Others include the auto, aerospace, heavy equipment and furniture industries.

"[GSN] hadn't thought of health care," Cawein says. "We are now working with others in the health-care sector -- including Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, Bristol Meyers Squibb, Wyeth and Abbott -- to identify common suppliers we can approach together. We hope this will bring a greater participation rate from suppliers as more of their customers urge them to be involved in this important program."

"We look forward to adding more industry sectors as companies realize the economic and environmental benefits of 'going green' in their manufacturing processes," says Kristin Pierre, GSN's program director. "The opportunities that continue to emerge present a bright future for GSN and its partners."
http://www.epa.gov/p2/programs/gsn.htm

Designing The Environment To Promote Healthy Living (Public Health News) (05/21/2004)
The U.S. Federal Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is supporting efforts to broaden local and regional public health officials’ influence over decisions concerning built environments. The CDC wants changes to building codes to support environments that encourage exercise and interaction with others. http://www.publichealthnews.com/features/showcontent.asp?id={78CDBA07-4185-4621-9157-2A743ACE70C1}

National Pollution Prevention Roundtable Releases White Paper on Pollution Prevention and Homeland Security (NPPR) (05/07/2004)
In April 2004, the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) released a white paper presenting the P2 community's vision for defining and offering its capabilities with respect to homeland security. The paper was developed to: (1) define the relationship between P2 and homeland security, (2) explore the role of the P2 community in homeland security efforts, and (3) identify recommendations that the P2 community can provide to EPA, state agencies, industry, and other groups who work to improve homeland security. According to NPPR, the pollution prevention community has a perspective and set of skills not yet incorporated into homeland security, which can provide the Nation, its citizens, and the environment increased benefit and protection from terrorist attack beyond that offered by physical security measures alone. To view the paper, visit: http://www.p2.org/whitepapers/p2_and_homeland_security.doc.

EPA Trend Report Indicates Fuel Economy of 2004 Cars and Trucks Remains Relatively Unchanged from 2003 at 20.8 Miles Per Gallon (EPA) (05/04/2004)
According to EPA's annual fuel economy trends report - "Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2004" - fuel economy since 1997 has remained relatively unchanged, and model year 2004 vehicles are estimated to average 20.8 miles per gallon (mpg). While fuel economy levels have been relatively steady, vehicle performance has increased as manufacturers respond to consumer demands and apply innovative technologies to cars and light trucks. In addition, refinements to catalytic converters, transmissions, fuel injection, and electronic controls have made today's cars cleaner and more durable. Recent technology developments, such as hybrid-electric vehicles, clean diesel technology and variable displacement engines also hold promise for improving fuel efficiency in the near future. To view the report, which provides data on the fuel economy and performance characteristics of light-duty vehicles (cars, vans, SUVs, and pickup trucks) for model years 1975 through 2004, visit: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/fetrends.htm.

EPA Awarding Grants to Help States and Non-Profits Increase Use of Truck Stop Electrification Technology to Reduce Emissions of Trucks Idling at Stops (EPA) (05/04/2004)
EPA is awarding grants under the Smart Way Transport partnership to help states and non-profit organizations install truck stop electrification technology to reduce emissions from idling trucks. Annually, long duration truck idling consumes one billion gallons of diesel fuel, and contributes over 11 million tons of carbon dioxide, 180,000 tons of nitrogen oxides and 5,000 tons of particulate matter. Much of this fuel consumption and the associated emissions can be reduced with the use of idle reduction technologies. The grants, which total approximately $800,000, will focus on reducing emissions along major transportation interstate corridors. The SmartWay Transport Partnership is a collaborative voluntary program between EPA and the freight industry that creates market-based incentives that challenge companies shipping products, and the truck and rail companies delivering these products, to improve the environmental performance of their operations. SmartWay Transport partners improve energy efficiency, save money, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality. For more information, visit the SmartWay Transport website at http://www.epa.gov/smartway/.

Governor Schwarzenegger Signs Executive Order to Create California Hydrogen Highways Network by 2010 (CA Office of the Governor) (05/04/2004)
Governor Schwarzenegger recently announced the "California Hydrogen Highways Network" through the signing of an Executive Order creating a public and private partnership to build a Hydrogen Highway in California by 2010. At a recent ceremony, where the Governor christened the first station on California Hydrogen Highway by fueling a hydrogen fuel vehicle at the pump, Governor Schwarzenegger stated that California will deal with problems of air quality, energy security, national security, public health, gasoline price hikes, and shortages in refining capacity by investing in a clean hydrogen future, which will also bring jobs, investment, and continued economic prosperity to the State. The goal of the California Hydrogen Highway initiative is to support and catalyze a rapid transition to a clean hydrogen transportation economy by creating a hydrogen fuel infrastructure and the necessary leadership to make it a reality. Studies show that California's initial Hydrogen Highway Network of about 150 to 200 stations is achievable by 2010 and will cost approximately $90 million, the majority of which will come from energy companies, automakers, high-tech firms, and other companies. To view the Press Release and Executive Order, visit http://www.governor.ca.gov/, click on "Press Room," and view the Executive Order S-7-04 and Hydrogen Highway Press Release from 4/20/04.

Gallup's Annual Earth Day Opinion Poll on Environment Indicates Americans Are Critical, But Less Concerned Than in Previous Years (Gallup Poll News Service) (05/02/2004)
The Gallup Organization has recently released the results of their annual Environment/Earth Day poll, which is used to measure public interest in the environment. The poll finds Americans slightly more critical of the quality of the U.S. environment than they were in past years. In addition, 58 percent of Americans believe the environment is getting worse rather than better, compared to 34 percent who do not believe the environment is getting worse. Despite these negative views of the condition of the environment, Americans appear less concerned about the environment than they are about many other agenda issues, particularly healthcare, crime, drug use, terrorism, and the economy. And while 77 percent of Americans in 2001 worried a great deal or fair amount about the quality of the environment today, only 62 percent of Americans this year were as worried about current environmental quality. In addition, when Americans are asked whether environmental protection or economic growth should take priority when the two interests conflict, almost as many Americans choose economic growth (44 percent) as environmental protection (49 percent), indicating that public sympathy toward the environmental movement has steadily declined since the early 1990s when 71 percent of Americans chose the environment over economic growth (19 percent). For more information on the Earth Day opinion poll, visit http://www.gallup.com/content/default.aspx?ci=11380.

Department of Energy Awards $350 Million for Hydrogen Energy Research (EERE) (04/28/2004)
In an effort to promote fuel cell development and use, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced this week that they will award 32 new hydrogen research projects a total of $350 million over five years, and private funding will add another $225 million to support the projects, which involve more than 130 organizations, including academia, industry, and DOE national laboratories. The awards will help establish three "Centers of Excellence" for hydrogen storage research which will tackle DOE's "Hydrogen Storage Grand Challenge": storing enough hydrogen in a car to enable it to go at least 300 miles on a fill-up without impacting cargo or passenger space. In addition, 15 individual projects will investigate aspects of hydrogen storage; 5 projects will research fuel cells for off-road applications, auxiliary power generation, and consumer electronic devices; and 4 projects will advance hydrogen energy education.
Despite the U.S.'s extensive infrastructure for other energy sources, which often makes it difficult to embrace new technology, Bush administration officials defend the White House's commitment to new energy technologies. The award represents nearly one-third of the President's $1.2-billion commitment in research funding to aid U.S. efforts to adopt a "hydrogen economy," free of dependence on fossil fuels for electricity and transportation. For more information from the DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)'s "Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technology Program," visit http://www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/.

Apollo Project Aims to Promote Energy Independence, Job Development, and Environmental Stewardship Through Sustainable Energy Technology (Apollo Alliance) (04/26/2004)
A new initiative from the Apollo Alliance, a broad coalition within the labor, environmental, business, urban and faith communities, aims to end America's dependence on foreign oil and create millions of jobs developing sustainable energy technology and infrastructure. According to the Apollo Project report entitled "New Energy for America" - available at http://www.apolloalliance.org/docUploads/ApolloReport.pdf (44-pg PDF) - the project is based on the recognition that investment in clean energy technologies "will create a new generation of high-wage manufacturing and construction jobs, capture growing markets of the future, reduce our dependence on foreign oil imports, create a resilient energy system, strengthen our cities and rural communities, bolster national security, and clean up our environment." The Apollo Alliance's "Ten-Point Plan for Good Jobs and Energy Independence" describes how Americans can mobilize to: (1) promote advanced technology & hybrid cars, (2) invest in more efficient factories, (3) encourage high performance building, (4) increase use of energy efficient appliances, (5) modernize electrical infrastructure (6) expand renewable energy development, (7) improve transportation options, (8) reinvest in smart urban growth, (9) plan for a hydrogen future, and (10) preserve regulatory protections. For more information, visit the Apollo Alliance website at: http://www.apolloalliance.org/.

EPA's Plan to Reduce Gasoline Sulfur Air Pollution Remains on Schedule as Planned (US EPA) (04/23/2004)
EPA announced this week that their "Tier 2 Gasoline Sulfur Program" to reduce sulfur levels in gasoline will achieve full air quality benefits on schedule. An April 22nd meeting between EPA and a group of oil refiners sparked speculation that EPA was considering a "deficit carry forward" approach, which would have permitted fuel providers to miss the low sulfur targets in 2004 in exchange for tighter reductions in 2005 and 2006, a decision that would have allowed more imports from Europe, Venezuela and Russia, and possibly lower fuel prices. But EPA feels the Tier 2 Program will not result in higher gas prices, and they remain committed to full, on-time implementation of the program, possibly due to opposition from U.S. refiners who have invested billions of dollars to meet strict sulfur pollution rules.
EPA's Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program is a program that affects new passenger vehicles and gasoline sold in the U.S. Vehicles meeting the Tier 2 emission standards will be 77-95 percent cleaner than today's cars and trucks. At the same time, the program will result in cleaner-burning gasoline containing 90 percent less sulfur. For more information on the Tier 2 program visit: http://www.p2ric.org/EnvNews/www.epa.gov/tier2.

Investment Firms Identify Link Between Environmental and Financial Performance of Companies (Winslow Management Company) (04/21/2004)
Winslow Management Company, a firm that invests in environmentally-sensitive companies, has recently released a report that supports the connection between environmental and financial performance. An index called the Winslow Green Index (WGI) measures the performance of 100 equally-weighted "green-screened" companies. Performance returns from the period August 1999 to December 2003 indicate that the WGI compared favorably to the S&P 500 and Russell 2000 indexes, in spite of the bear market of 2000 through 2002. Winslow Management Company believes that by taking advantage of environmental opportunities or by avoiding environmental liabilities, companies can gain a competitive advantage through cost reductions, quality improvements, increased profitability, and access to new and growing markets.
Two other firms have also published studies that support Winslow's findings. The Assabet Group, a firm that works with organizations to catalyze environmental and financial performance, has published a report, entitled "The Emerging Relationship Between Environmental Performance and Shareholder Wealth," available on their website at http://www.assabetgroup.com/. Innovest Strategic Value Advisors, an investment research and advisory firm specializing in analyzing companies' performance on environmental, social, and strategic governance issues, has also published a report, entitled "New Alpha Source for Asset Management: Environmentally-Enhanced Investment Portfolios." For more information about Innovest or to access this report, view their website at http://www.innovestgroup.com/. For more information about the Winslow Management Company, visit their website at http://www.winslowgreen.com/.

U.S. Energy Information Administration Predicts Increases in Global Energy Demand and Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Year 2025 (US EIA) (04/20/2004)
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2004, world demand for all forms of energy is expected to grow by 54% over the next two decades, with oil consumption alone jumping by 40 million barrels a day. World oil demand is forecast to rise from 81 million barrels per day (bpd) in 2004 to 121 million bpd in 2025, with the U.S., China, and the rest of developing Asia using almost 60% of the additional barrels. According to EIA, global oil production capacity would have to rise by 44 million bpd to meet that demand.
Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are also projected to increase, from 5,729 million metric tons in 2002 to 8,142 million metric tons, an average annual increase of 1.5%. Carbon dioxide emissions in the residential sector, including from the generation of electricity used in the sector, are projected to increase by an average of 1.1% per year, reflecting increased electrification and use of computers, electronics, and appliances. Significant growth is also projected for the commercial sector (1.9% increase per year from 2002 to 2025), industrial sector (1.1% increase per year), and the transportation sector (1.9% increase per year). In all sectors, efficiency standards, voluntary efficiency programs, and improvements in technology are expected to moderate the potential growth in carbon dioxide emissions.
For more information or to view the full report, visit: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/overview.html.

Climate Change Experts Warn that Global Warming Continues to Threaten Global Environment and Economy (U of Alaska; UN Environment Programme) (04/19/2004)
While many Americans in the lower 48 states may not immediately notice the effects of global warming, global change experts in Alaska continue to express concern about significant changes taking place in the Alaskan environment. According to a 1999 report from the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Center for Global Change and Arctic System Research, Alaska has experienced the largest regional warming of any state in the US, with average temperatures in Alaska up approximately 5 degrees Fahrenheit from thirty years ago, and about twice that during winter. The report also indicates that if present climate trends continue, Alaska's ecosystems and the largely natural resource-dependent economy will be significantly threatened.
While the immediate environmental effects of global warming may not appear threatening to many in the US, the long-term effects could be significant and global, as well as economic in nature. According to a report resulting from a partnership between the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and major private sector financial institutions, there is a significant body of scientific evidence indicating that record insured loss from natural catastrophes in 2003 was not a random occurrence, but rather may have been the result of climate changes. Swiss Re, the world's second largest reinsurance company, concluded that the potential losses that may occur as a result of human-enhancement of the greenhouse effect pose a significant risk to future profitability, and urgent action by government, policy-makers and business is needed to reduce pollutant emissions and stabilize the earth's climate. For more information about the UNEP report, visit the Swiss Re website at http://www.swissre.com/INTERNET/pwswpspr.nsf/fmBookMarkFrameSet?ReadForm&BM=../vwAllbyIDKeyLu/SBAT-5ELHZN?OpenDocument.

Forum Sponsored by Kentucy Pollution Prevention Center Addresses How Source Reduction Can Reduce the Risk of Terrorist Attacks (Courier-Journal, Louisville, KY) (04/09/2004)
A recent environmental and homeland security workshop sponsored by the Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center (KPPC) encouraged businesses and government agencies to get to the root cause of terror attack risk by reducing the use of hazardous materials and by implementing safer products and technology. Industrial facilities where hazardous chemicals are used and stored, as well as the highways and railroads by which chemicals are transported, are considered primary targets for future terrorist attacks, causing concern among business leaders, government officials, and concerned citizens. According to a white paper on P2 and homeland security from the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR), while physical security measures at industrial facilities are needed, they are still vulnerable to penetration and do not necessarily reduce the risk associated with attack. In other words, a hazardous chemical is still toxic whether or not it is protected by a fence or guards. According to KPPC, pollution prevention reduces the amount of hazardous substances entering the waste stream, thus reducing the hazards associated with the release of such substances. Therefore, connecting security with source reduction is an innovative and effective way to address the issue of chemical pollution and terror attack risk. Since 1995, KPPC has conducted more than 500 pollution-prevention assessments, and in response to growing national concern about environmental and homeland security, the center has recently begun conducting vulnerability assessments for companies, including a component on pollution prevention. For more information on environmental security, contact Sharon Baxter, skbaxter@deq.state.va.us, or Tom Piero, tpiero@louisville.edu, of the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable. Or contact NPPR directly at http://www.p2ric.org/EnvNews/www.p2.org, National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR), 2000 P Street, NW Suite 708, Washington, D.C., 20036, (202) 299-9701.

World's Largest Microchip Manufactuer to Make Its Most Important Components Virtually Lead-free in 2004 (NewScientist.com) (04/09/2004)
In an effort to reduce the environmental damage caused by computers when they are discarded or stripped, Intel, the world's largest microchip manufacturer, has taken measures to reduce the lead content of its most important components by 95 percent in 2004. Intel will soon begin releasing microprocessors and motherboards using a solder alloy consisting of tin, silver and copper instead of tin and lead, which has traditionally been used to glue electronic components to circuit boards. Lead will still be used to link the complex silicon core of the microprocessor to its outer packaging, but Intel says it plans to remove this lead when a reliable alternative is identified. While environmentalists welcome the change, many advocacy groups feel the manufacturing industry must take further steps to reduce the environmental impacts of PCs, particularly by reducing the hazardous chemicals, such as selenium, cadmium, arsenic, and chromium, that are used in computer manufacturing.

UN University Study Calls for Reduction in High Tech Trash (UN News Centre) (03/19/2004)
According to a recent United Nations University (UNU) study, the manufacture of an average desktop computer and monitor uses more than 10 times its weight in fossil fuels and chemicals. The study indicates that the construction of an average computer system requires at least 240 kg of fossil fuel, 22 kg of chemicals and 1,500 kg of water – or 1.8 tons in total, which is much more materials-intensive than making other machines such as cars or refrigerators that require only one or two times their weight in fossil fuels. The report studied the environmental impact of the IT revolution and the negative impacts associated with the more than 130 million computers sold each year. UN co-editors of the study called for government incentives to extend the life of PCs and to reduce the frequency with which people discard computers for newer models. They also identified several other potential environmental consequences of the PC boom, such as exposure to hazardous materials during computer manufacturing and/or disposal of used computers in landfills. For more information, visit the UN News Centre site at http://www.un.org/News/.

EPA Welcomes New SmartWay Transport Partners (US EPA) (03/15/2004)
Thirty-seven new freight industry partners have joined EPA’s SmartWay Transport Partnership, bringing the total number of partners to 52. SmartWay Transport is a voluntary partnership between freight industry sectors and EPA that establishes incentives for fuel efficiency improvements and greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The SmartWay Transport Partnership challenges companies to add innovative fuel saving strategies to their fleets such as reducing unnecessary engine idling; using improved aerodynamics, tires, and lubes; and increasing the efficiency and use of rail and intermodal operations. The program helps support the voluntary 18 percent greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal set by President Bush in February of 2002. By 2012, the initiative aims to reduce up to 200,000 tons of nitrogen oxide emissions and 33-66 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year, while saving up to 150 million barrels of oil annually. For more information about the SmartWay Transport Partnership, visit http://www.epa.gov/smartway/.

Department of Energy Releases Research Plan for Hydrogen-Based Transportation Energy (DOE) (03/15/2004)
The Department of Energy (DOE) recently released its "Hydrogen Posture Plan," a document outlining the activities, milestones, and deliverables that DOE plans to pursue to support America's shift to a hydrogen-based transportation energy system. The plan identifies milestones for technology development over the next decade and includes timelines that provide scientific measures to track and demonstrate progress, with market availability targeted by the year 2020. The Bush Administration's fiscal year 2005 budget request includes $227 million for research to support the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative. For more information, view the "Hydrogen Posture Plan" at www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells.

US Exports to Mexico May Be Impacted as Nations Dispute about Genetically Modified Commodities and Their Effects on Human Health and the Environment (BioScience News) (03/05/2004)
Government officials, scientists and environmentalists from more than 80 nations, including Europe and the US, have disputed recently about whether genetically modified crops might benefit - or befoul - human health and the environment, with some countries demanding strict labeling and liability laws and others seeking looser guidelines. At a recent conference on biotechnology safety, divisions surfaced in discussions on how to implement the UN Cartagena Protocol, which aims to protect Earth's diversity of life from biotechnology's possible risks by ensuring countries receive enough information to let them accept or reject gene-modified imports. US officials said identification papers accompanying bio-engineered shipments meant for release into the environment - such as new varieties of corn for cultivation - shouldn't have to include details on how they've been genetically modified. Environmentalist groups accused biotech crop producers that haven't ratified the Cartagena Protocol - such as the US and Canada - of undermining the treaty by trying to persuade other countries to sign separate agreements with them on biotech shipping procedures. Meanwhile, Mexico announced it was banning imports of some genetically engineered maize - a decision that could affect its imports from the United States - in an effort to prevent genetic contamination of maize cultivated in Mexico for food. But one official says the ban will not impact trade with the United States since Mexico does not import any of the maize they are banning. Mexico last year imported 5.6 million metric tons (6.1 million short tons) of yellow corn, mostly from the US.

EPA Announces“SMARTWAY” for Trucking Operations (US EPA) (03/01/2004)
Missouri, Kansas, Iowa and Nebraska entities who are interested in the SmartWay Transport Partnership are encouraged to attend the “Alternatives to Truck Engine Idling Workshop” on June 22-23, 2004 in Des Moines, Iowa. SmartWay Transport is a voluntary partnership between various freight industry sectors and EPA that establishes incentives for fuel efficiency improvements and greenhouse gas emissions reductions. To date, 43 companies, including 15 charter partners, have joined and committed to improve the environmental performance of their freight operations. By 2012, this initiative aims to reduce between 33 - 66 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and up to 200,000 tons of nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions per year. At the same time, the initiative will result in fuel savings of up to 150 million barrels of oil annually. To view an announcement on the Des Moines event, visit http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/bulletin/truck-idling.pdf. For more information on the SmartWay program, contact either Joann Jackson-Stephens, (734) 214-4276, http://www.p2ric.org/EnvNews/jackson-stephens.joann@epa.gov; or Buddy Polovick, (734) 214-4928, http://www.p2ric.org/EnvNews/polovick.buddy@epa.gov.

Air & Waste Management Association's (AWMA) Annual Conference Entitled "Sustainable Development: Gearing Up for the Challenge" Will Be Held June 22-25, 2004 (AWMA) (02/24/2004)
The Air & Waste Management Association’s (AWMA) 97th Annual Conference & Exhibition will be held in Indianapolis, June 22-25, 2004. This year’s conference is called "Sustainable Development: Gearing Up for the Challenge" and will provide leading-edge content on sustainability. Over 150 technical sessions will be offered on Air, Environmental Management, Waste, and Environmental Education. The conference will also include professional development courses, networking opportunities, a student program, technical tours, social program tours, and outreach activities, as well as the 6th International Urban Air Quality Forum, which will focus on integrated particulate matter pollution management, urban air quality sustainability, and air quality and urban-transportation planning. Early registration rates are available through March 15, 2004. For more information, visit the AWMA conference web site at: http://www.awma.org/ACE2004.

Waverly Light and Power of Iowa Is One of First U.S. Power Companies to Commit to A Shift to Become CO2-Free by Mid-Century (Environmental News Network, World Wildlife Fund) (02/24/2004)
Five electric power companies representing different geographical areas of the U.S. have committed to becoming the first U.S. power companies to support the World Wildlife Fund's (WWF) "PowerSwitch! Challenge," which calls for mandatory limits on national CO2 emissions and a commitment to a clean energy action target. The five companies — Austin Energy, Burlington Electric Department, FPL Group, Inc., Sacramento Municipal Utility District, and Waverly Light and Power of Iowa — are pioneering a way to revolutionize the power sector that has traditionally relied heavily on fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, and is responsible for 37% of all man-made CO2 emissions worldwide. In addition to supporting an emissions cap, each power company has chosen at least one action target from the following:
*increasing energy efficiency by 15% by 2020
*utilizing renewables as the source for 20% of their electricity sold by 2020
*retiring the least efficient half of coal generation by 2020.
Waverly Light and Power of Iowa committed to increasing its energy efficiency by 15% by 2020. For more information, visit http://www.worldwildlife.org/climate/climatesection.cfm?sectionid=226&newspaperid=16&contentid=985.

White Paper on Pollution Prevention and Homeland Security Released by National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) (02/18/2004)
The National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) has recently released the "White Paper on Pollution Prevention and Homeland Security." This paper discusses the relationship between pollution prevention (P2) and homeland security; explores the roles the P2 community can play in improving homeland security; and identifies recommendations to EPA, state agencies, industry, and others involved in homeland security. NPPR developed this white paper in the hope that it would serve as a catalyst for discussion among P2 professionals, as well as among policy makers, researchers, and other individuals who wish to determine the impacts of their programs on homeland security. The white paper can be found on the NPPR website at http://www.p2.org/whitepapers/p2_and_homeland_security.doc. For more information, contact Jeffrey J. Burke, Executive Director, National Polluiton Prevention Roundtable, 11 DuPont Circle NW, Suite 201, Washington, DC 20036 (jeff@p2.org).

National Academy of Sciences Skeptical About Hydrogen Car Initiative Timeline (NAS) (02/16/2004)
A new report by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) casts doubt on the President's proposed hydrogen car program timeline as presented in his January 2003 State of the Union Address. During the address, the President announced that the goal of the hydrogen fuel based FreedomCAR initiative is to make it "practical and cost-effective for large numbers of Americans to choose to use clean, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles by 2020." While the NAS report does acknowledge the feasibility of a wholesale shift to a hydrogen economy, NAS contends that the timeline might be a bit unrealistic. The report also recommends that hydrogen should be part of “a balanced, overall DOE national energy R&D effort.” For more information, view the NAS report at http://www.nap.edu/books/0309091632/html.

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) Announces Environmental Scores for 2004 Cars and Tracks (ACEEE) (02/15/2004)
The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) recently announced this year's "Greenest" and "Meanest" vehicles, as well as environmental scores for all model year 2004 cars and passenger trucks. The vehicle scores are part of ACEEE's Green Book® Online, which helps consumers compare vehicles on the basis of a "Green Score," a measure that incorporates tailpipe emissions, fuel consumption, and the emissions of gases that cause global warming. The top five "Greenest" vehicles of model year 2004 are Honda's natural gas-powered Civic GX, followed by Honda's hybrid-electric two-seater Insight, Toyota's hybrid-electric mid-size sedan Prius, the Honda Civic Hybrid, and the Toyota Echo. Others in the top twelve are conventional gasoline vehicles from Nissan, Mazda, Hyundai, and Scion. The 2004 "Meanest" vehicles list, once again dominated by large SUVs and other popular domestic and foreign nameplates, includes vehicles with a combination of poor fuel economy and mediocre tailpipe emissions. In addition to the "Greenest," "Meanest," and best-in-class lists, GreenerCars.com also contains articles on model year 2004 highlights, consumer information on vehicles and the environment, as well as each model's fuel economy, health-related pollution impacts, global warming emissions, and estimated fuel expenses. For more information, visit the web-site at http://www.greenercars.com/indexplus.html.

EPA's AgSTAR National Conference is March 24-25, 2004, in St.Louis (EPA) (02/06/2004)
The U.S. EPA's AgSTAR National Conference "Anaerobic Digestion for Livestock Waste Management & Energy Production," will be held in St.Louis, MO, on March 24-25, 2004. This 2-day conference will highlight the status and future direction of anaerobic digestion of animal wastes. The conference is geared toward the technical, state of the art energy markets and utility business models. The conference will discuss the benefits of anaerobic digestion with respect to reduction of the impacts of animal wastes on air and water quality, the economic feasibility of anaerobic digestion, and the assistance and incentives available to encourage the utilization of this technology. Individuals interested or involved in the design, financing, operation, or regulatory oversight of animal waste management systems or in the development of alternative sources of energy will learn about the latest advances and network with people currently using this technology. For more information, visit the conference Web site at http://www.epa.gov/agstar/conference.html or contact ERG Conference Services Division at 781-674-7272 or meetings@erg.com.

New Report Outlines U.S. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Research and Initiatives (U.S. Climate Change Technology Program) (01/26/2004)
A recent report entitled "U.S. Climate Change Technology Program: Research and Current Activities" from the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program highlights a number of initiatives and cutting-edge technologies found in the U.S. climate change technology portfolio. A companion report, "Technology Options for the Near and Long Term", provides a more complete list of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. A number of initiatives are described on the U.S. Climate Change Technology site, including information about the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative which is outlined in the "National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap." This Roadmap outlines key issues and challenges in hydrogen energy development and suggests paths that government and industry can take to expand use of hydrogen-based energy. A 36-page [PDF] of the entire "U.S. Climate Change Technology Program: Research and Current Activities" document is available at http://www.climatetechnology.gov/library/2003/currentactivities/car24nov03.pdf

U.S. Commerce Department Issues Report That Promises More Help for Industry (US Dept of Commerce) (01/20/2004)
The Bush administration has recently published a plan that will provide support for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, a network of nonprofit centers that provide technical assistance to small and medium-size factories to try to make them more competitive. The report, entitled "Manufacturing in America" offers a comprehensive strategy to address the challenges faced by the U.S. manufacturing industry and is available at http://www.commerce.gov/DOC_MFG_Report_Complete.pdf. The Bush administration has developed this strategy in an effort to grow the manufacturing industry and create new jobs.

Staples Spearheads a Computer Take-Back Pilot Program (Capitol Reports) (01/19/2004)
U.S. EPA has announced a new partnership with Staples Inc. and the Product Stewardship Institute to test a pilot take-back program designed to distribute used electronics to recyclers via reverse distribution efforts. Under the partnership with Staples and the Product Stewardship Institute, electronics manufacturers Apple, Brother, Dell, Epson, Intel, Lexmark, Panasonic, Sharp, and Sony will pay for the recycling of their name brand products taken back to Staples. The states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maine and New Hampshire will undertake the first pilot project in 26 retail stores, and additional pilot projects are expected to be conducted in the Pacific Northwest and Minnesota in the coming year. The partnership is part of the EPA's PLUG INTO e-CYCLING campaign to promote electronics recycling by working with manufacturers and retailers.

NREL Engineers Advance Non-CFC, Energy Efficient Desiccant Cooling (Sustainable Practices-EPA R8) (01/18/2004)
At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), engineers have been researching desiccant cooling and dehumidification technologies that don’t require ozone-depleting refrigerants and which can use solar thermal energy or waste heat. In a stand alone desiccant cooling system, air is first dried, then cooled by a heat exchanger and a set of evaporative coolers. The desiccant is then regenerated by thermal energy supplied by the sun, waste heat, or natural gas. The system is free of CFC and HCFC refrigerants and can help control humidity independent of temperature. In supermarket freezer applications, this can reduce frost build-up on frozen products, extending product shelf life and contribute to a drier ambient environment for humans working or shopping in the store. For more information, visit http://www.nrel.gov/desiccantcool/tech.html.

Recently Released Book Shows Environmental Link to Human Health and Health Care Practices (University of Nebraska Medical Center) (12/03/2003) (12/03/2003)
A new product from "The Green Health Center Project" and "Exploring Bioethics Upstream" describes how environmental decline relates to human health and health care practices. This book, entitled "The Ethics of Environmentally Responsible Health Care," outlines environmental trends that strongly impact health and challenges individuals and health care facilities to see the linkages between medical practice and environmental problems that damage ecosystems and cause illness. The book provides strong ethical foundations in support of pollution prevention and the work of environmentally-concerned professionals, who not only provide clinical services, but also manufacture, purchase, transport, deliver, and dispose of medical materials. In addition to philosophical analysis of the converging values of bioethics and environmental ethics, this book offers case studies, as well as a number of practical suggestions for moving health care toward sustainability. The exploration of a hypothetical Green Health Center, in particular, offers an intellectual and moral framework for talking about environmental values in health care. This 176-page, hardback book (authors: Jessica Pierce - piercejessica@usa.net - and Andrew Jameton - ajameton@unmc.edu) is available from Oxford University Pres at http://www.oup.com/us and Amazon.com at http://www.amazon.com/.

30 Years After the Arab Oil Embargo, Diversified Energy Supplies Are Closer to Becoming A Reality (The Economist) (11/17/2003)
The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973 bleakly illustrated the world's dependence on Middle Eastern oil. But 30 years later, advances in technology are beginning to offer methods for economies to vary their supplies of energy, moderate their demand for petroleum, and loosen the grip of oil and the countries that produce it. Hydrogen fuel cells, bioethanol, and other energy alternatives are no longer a distant dream but a foreseeable reality. Switching to these new methods will not be easy, or cheap, but with the right policies it can be made both possible and economically advantageous. For more information, visit "Economist.com" at http://www.economist.com/printedition/displaystory.cfm?Story_ID=2155717 as well as a related article found at http://www.economist.com/printedition/PrinterFriendly.cfm?Story_ID=2155405 which includes a graph depicting the progressive decoupling of energy use and economic output and discusses the U.S.'s reluctance to shift to alternative fuels despite the promising potential.

Growing Alternative Energy and Green Building Markets May Be an Indication of a Boom in Green Business (Fortune) (11/14/2003)
According to Fortune Small Business on-line magazine, entrepreneurs are starting to see green as they tap into the growing market of environmentally-friendly products and services. The alternative energy market, particularly wind energy, has made considerable progress due to encouragement from state governments and favorable economics related to alternative energy development and use. Green building has also shown progress as major contractors are helping to shift the culture of the building industry by emphasizing energy efficiency, resource conservation, indoor air quality, and the use of environmentally sensitive materials and techniques.

Kansas Energy Contracts Make Kansas a Leader in Savings (U.S. DOE's "Conservation Update") (10/31/2003)
Although beset by budget woes like every other state, Kansas is benefiting today from an energy efficiency program it began three years ago. Through energy savings performance contracts, Kansas is saving millions on its energy bills after increasing the energy efficiency of its buildings.

Already in place in many states, Kansas began work to put energy savings performance contracts in place in 2000 with the passage of "enabling legislation" by the Kansas Legislature (KSA 75-37,125). In addition, the state implemented a program to pre-quality energy service companies (ESCOs) to bid for work on state facilities. These companies finance efficiency improvements to state facilities and pay for the projects with energy savings. After the projects are paid off and terms of the contracts are complete, the state continues to reap the savings from improved efficiency in its buildings.

In addition to qualifying ESCOs, Kansas established low interest bond financing available to state agencies through the Facility Conservation Improvement Program and the Kansas Development Finance Authority. For background of how Kansas got its ESCO contracting started, the Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) has published online about the details of what it took to get Kansas started on energy service performance contracts and the enabling legislation.

Environmental Quality and Agriculture Conference in Des Moines on November 10th-12th (Conservation Technology Information Center) (10/31/2003)
A conference entitled "EQA - Environmental Quality & Agriculture, Coexisting in the 21st Century, Balancing Nutrients and Enhancing the Environment" will be held at the Des Moines Marriott November 10th-12th. The goal of this conference is to raise awareness of how nutrient management is impacted by public policy while providing an opportunity for stakeholders to interact through facilitated work groups and to exchange ideas and formulate solutions to nutrient lifecycle issues. The program is intended for crop & livestock producers and industry stakeholders, and will focus on BMP implementation with real life ideas for impacting practices and profits. As an incentive to remain in attendance and actively participate, a number of awards will be presented.

Program sponsors include the U.S.EPA, IMC Global, National Pork Board & The Fertilizer Institute, Agribusiness Association of Iowa, Ag Chem (MN), Agrotain International, American Chemical Society Fertilizer & Soils Sub-Division, American Clean Water Foundation, American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture, Balzer Manufacturing, Baumgartner Environics, Cargill Crop Nutrition, Conservation Technology Information Center, Desert Microbial Products, EMS LLC, John Deere, USDA-ARS, USDA-NRCS, Agrium, Illinois Farm Bureau, Primedia Business Magazines & Media.

For more information, visit http://www.ctic.purdue.edu/eqa/, or contact Bill Hall at 863-428-7161, wlhall@IMCGLOBAL.com.

Sustainability a Key Priority in Growing World Bank Lending Program (World Bank) (09/17/2003)
The World Bank has announced that lending for environmental projects will nearly double in 2004. In its annual publication, Environment Matters, the World Bank states that lending will grow from $1.1 billion to $2.1 billion in FY 2004. This is a result of a new strategy, according to Ian Johnson, Vice-president for Sustainable Development at the World Bank. Under this strategy, environmental sustainability has become a key institutional priority and environmental responsibility is now a distinctive feature of the overall World Bank lending portfolio. The environmental lending category provides funding for water resource protection, pollution management, land management, climate change, biodiversity, and environmental policy.

Future Water Demands Provide Challenges to Engineers (Mechanical Engineering) (09/17/2003)
Article discusses the state of worldwide water use as described in UNESCO's World Water Development Report. Conservation and reuse will provide a large part of the solution to the increasingly chronic waster shortages. "By the middle of this century, 7 billion people could be short of water. At best, it will be 2 billion people."

New Version of Farm Subsidy Database Shows 65% of Farm Subsidies Paid to 10% of Farms (Environmental Working Group) (09/09/2003)
The Environmental Working Group released their newest version of the Farm Subsidy Database, covering USDA payments from 1995 to 2002. The database allows users to identify payments to particular farmers, or how much was spent in individual counties or states. Iowa farmers received the most funds, followed by Texas, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota, Kansas, Arkansas, North Dakota, Indiana and Missouri. In 1995, the top 10 percent of recipients nationally took in 55 percent of total subsidy payments (all categories combined), bringing them $3.98 billion. But by 2002 the top 10 percent collected 65 percent of total subsidies, a share worth $7.8 billion.

Lean Manufacturing Processes in Plant Prevent Pollution, Reduce Waste (08/05/2003)
An Iowa manufacturer has been implementing lean thinking into its processes while making quality products. HON Industries is home to such brands as Allsteel, Gunlocke, Heatilator and Heat-N-Glo.

So Long, Pump Monkey: Schooling Up On Home Refueling (08/05/2003)
Interesting article on hydrogen hybrid and electric vehicles.

Yale Uses Fuel Cells To Partially Power Environmental Sciences Building (07/29/2003)
The university has fired up a new 250-watt fuel cell system, which will meet about a quarter of the electricity needs of the school's Environmental Sciences Building.

Missouri Offers New Environmental Permit for Printers Program (07/03/2003)
The PrintSTEP pilot project allows printers to work with one environmental agency/program rather than buying its permits from various agencies, as well as offering incentives for pollution prevention and other positive environmental choices.

New "Corntainer" Prevents Solid Waste Pollution (06/13/2003)
Wild Oats, Inc., has introduced a new packaging that turns into compost. This new product looks like plastic, but it composted into soil.

Do Hydrogen Fuel Cells Hurt the Ozone? (06/13/2003)
Researchers are now saying that wide use of the new technology could, in fact, be harmful to the ozone layer.

Energy Firm to Conduct Wind Farm Feasability Study In Iowa (05/30/2003)
Midwest Renewable Energy Corp., which has already helped build an 89 turbine farm in Worth County, will determine the possibility of building on a site in Winnebago County.

General Electric Brings Muscle to Wind Energy Industry (05/16/2003)
As a major supplier to the electric power industry, GE's lead is closely watched. GE expects their wind energy operation to generate more than $1 billion in revenue during 2003 and expand about 20 percent annually.

GM will introduce fuel-saving device to SUVs, pickups (05/13/2003)
The new technology, known as "displacement on demand" is to be standard equipment on three SUVs powered by V8 engines, boosting their fuel economy by about 8 percent. Displacement on demand, or DOD, automatically shuts off half of a V8's eight cylinders, temporarily turning it into a more efficient four-cylinder engine, when the vehicles are cruising at a constant speed or carrying a light load.

Leading Soy Manufacturer Becomes Large Purchaser of Wind Energy (04/16/2003)
White Wave, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Dean Foods, recently purchased Tradable Renewable Energy Credits from the Bonneville Environmental Foundation (Portland, OR), a contract that will replace their current electricity with sustainable wind energy. The plan is expected to save a minimum of over 450,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions over the next three years.

Department of Energy Sponsors Fuel Cell Conversion Program (04/16/2003)
Great article from Mechanical Engineering magazine.

$1 Billion Clean Coal Power Plant Approved (04/09/2003)
Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich announced the construction of a 660 megawatt power plant by Indeck-Elwood LLC. The plant will use advanced clean-coal technology to reduce emissions.

World's Largest Wind Farm Will Be In Iowa (03/25/2003)
Mid-American Energy Co.'s $323 million project will be built in northwest or north-central Iowa and will have 180 to 200 wind turbines, generating 310 megawatts of energy, according to officials at the power company controlled by Warren Buffett.

First Fuel Cell Truck for U.S. Army (03/10/2003)
Powering transport trucks with fuel cells rather than gasoline will someday greatly reduce fuel-related pollution and costs for the U.S. Army.

For now, Hybrid Cars Prevent Pollution More Effectively Than Hydrogen Cars (03/10/2003)
According to a recent MIT study, hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles will not be better than the diesel hybrid in terms of total energy use and greenhouse gas emissions before 2020.

Survey Says Save Sea from Sewage (03/10/2003)
A majority of cruise ship passengers polled say they would pay more to keep cruise ships from dumping waste, especially raw waste, at sea. Almost all of those surveyed say the boats should not be dumping waste into the ocean at all.

Kids' Energy A Power Source? (03/05/2003)
With an estimated 40 percent of the world's population without reliable access to electricity, an engineering professor at the University of Michigan's Flint campus, Dr. Raj Pandian, has researched his idea to harness energy from playground equipment. In remote Third World schools, this energy, provided through teeter-totters, merry-go-rounds, swing sets and the like, is simple, inexpensive and badly needed.

Oilseed-based Biodiesel Fuel To Be Used By Pioneer (03/03/2003)
"Pioneer International Hi-Bred Inc. says it will use a clean-burning alternative fuel made from oilseed crops in its fleet of more than 300 over-the-road and farm vehicles in the United States and Canada. The fuel, known as biodiesel, is usually made from soybeans."

Pollution-Free Power Plant of the Future Plans Announced By Department of Energy (02/27/2003)
Known as FutureGen, this world's first fossil fuel, pollution-free power plant will serve as a "living prototype" of new carbon sequestration technologies and produce both electricity and hydrogen.

New Plant Will Turn Hog Waste Into Diesel Fuel (02/24/2003)
Smithfield Foods has announced plans to invest $20 million to build a facility in Utah that will convert hog waste into biodiesel fuel. Project managers say that by October, the plant will be producing "clean burning, renewable fuel."

School vehicles retrofitted to reduce diesel emissions (02/20/2003)
The EPA has launched a national push for the use of pollution control devices and ultra low-sulfur diesel fuel on trucks and buses in response to a February 2002 study conducted by Yale University and a Connecticut nonprofit, Environment and Human Heath Inc., that looked at children's exposure to diesel exhaust from school buses.

HP Announces E-Recycling To Be Rewarded With Discounts (02/10/2003)
The HP Planet Partners E-Coupon Program offers a $50 Discount to customers who recycle computer hardware from any manufacturer through HP's recycling service.

New Process Removes Excess Nutrients from Hogwaste (01/28/2003)
A process that can remove phosphorus from swine production wastewater and turn it into a solid fertilizer has been developed by USDA researchers. Besides creating a marketable fertilizer, the process converts the leftover effluent into a liquid crop fertilizer that the EPA says is more environmentally friendly than manure.

14 Members of Chicago Climate Exchange Commit To Greenhouse Gas Reductions (01/22/2003)
The first U.S. voluntary pilot program for trading of greenhouse gas emissions, the Chicago Climate Exchange, features 14 members who are committed to reducing greenhouse gases by 4% by 2006.

Lead-free Solder Partnership (01/02/2003)
Almost every type of electronic product currently contains a combination lead and tin. Various groups are now pressuring the electronics industry to provide lead-free solder.

NASA's new invention may reduce car pollution (12/12/2002)

Chicago's Solar-Powered Schools (12/09/2002)

SEPA Honors Solar Business Leaders (12/03/2002)

First Hydrogen/Electricity Station Opens in Las Vegas (11/19/2002)

Eco-roofs Sprout Up (11/18/2002)

Energy Department Supports Zero Energy Home (11/12/2002)

Arizona Solar Facility to be Among World's Largest (11/12/2002)

Study Quantifies Reliability, Low Emissions of CNG Trucks (10/30/2002)

Farmers Plant Willow as Energy Crop (10/30/2002)

Tiny Atomic Battery Could Run For Decades Unattended (10/29/2002)
Researchers at Cornell University are developing a microscopic battery that draws its energy from a radioactive isotope.

New desktop computer more friendly to environment (Environment News Service) (08/06/2002)
NEC Solutions America introduced a new all-in-one-unit computer that uses less power and produces less heat than tradition PCs. An added benefit - it complies with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Energy Star program.

Company develops technology that could change heating and cooling systems (Kelix) (08/06/2002)
Kelix Energies Corporation has developed a heating and cooling system that runs without the need of a conventional refrigeration compressor because it relies on centrifugal force. It also uses half the electricity of a standard air conditioner.

Report examines CO2 emissions produced by auto manufacturers' vehicles (Environment News Service) (08/05/2002)
General Motors' fleet found to impose the largest carbon dioxide burden on the environment. The Ford Motor Company is next in the line of offenders.

Disposable phones ready to hit stores (ZDNET News) (08/05/2002)
Throwaway cellphones will soon debut on U.S. convenience store shelves. Manufacturers hope to capitalize on spur-of-the-moment consumer purchases.

Achieving environmental goals by restructuring taxes (Earth Policy) (07/31/2002)
How various European countries restructure taxes to benefit the environment, and how these methods could be implemented in the United States.

Waste-to-energy conversion touted as viable solution to refuse problem (Environmental Protection) (07/31/2002)
Approximately 102 waste-to-energy plants operating in the United States consume 14 percent of the nation's trash and generate more than 2,800 megawatts of electricity.

Researcher finds correlation between diabetes, air pollution (University at Buffalo) (07/30/2002)
Professor Alan Lockwood said that while the statistical analysis doesn't prove a cause-effect relationship between air pollution and diabetes, a condition that affects more than 15 million Americans, it warrants more research.

Institute looking for new uses of ag byproducts, waste (Capitol Reports) (07/29/2002)
The Northwest Bioproducts Research Institute is trying to find new methods for converting agricultural and food processing wastes and byproducts into bio-based energy and products.

The United Kingdom's first dung-fired power station begins production (BBC) (07/18/2002)
The plant will process slurry from local farms, while the methane gas from the fermented slurry will power the plant to produce electricity. Other resources from the plant will be hot water for low-cost heating and organic manure.

Colorado professor discovers natural herbicide in weed (UniSci) (07/18/2002)
Colorado State University professor identifies and isolates a "green" herbicide occurring in spotted knapweed. The chemical, catechin, could revolutionize the war against weeds. Vivanco already is looking in how this chemical can be used.

Number of people recycling down (MSNBC) (07/18/2002)
Statistics show that even though most people support recycling programs, fewer are actually doing it themselves. Groups blame low scrap values, hurried lifestyles.

H Power Inc. making headway in its aim to power homes with hydrogen (Planetark) (07/16/2002)
Tests of its residential fuel cells, which are in international homes and facilities, have given the company confidence, making it believe the power units could be competitive on the market as soon as 2005.

"Greener" Scotchgard hits the market (Planetark) (07/16/2002)
3M relaunches more "environmentally friendly" Scotchgard and expands into new areas, including paint.

Reports warn of toxins in beauty products (Environment News Service) (07/15/2002)
"Not Too Pretty," a new report issued by the Environmental Working Group, Coming Clean and Health Care without Harm, claims that 72 percent of all cosmetic products tested contained phthalates, industrial chemicals lined to birth defects in the male reproductive system.

Professor examines ways to convert plastics into fuel (Environmental News Service) (07/02/2002)
Pennsylvania professor believes plastics can be converted into a plastic nugget that can be burned with coal in coal fired boilers, refuse fuel burners and even cement kilns.

New EPA data show dramatic air quality improvements from initiative (USEPA) (07/02/2002)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released new information demonstrating the dramatic clean air benefits of President Bush's Clear Skies initiative. Clear Skies will require America's power plants to reduce air pollution by an average of 70 percent.

Scientists combine organic materials without use of solvents (Ames Laboratory) (06/18/2002)
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have found a way to eliminate environmentally harmful solvents when they combine organic materials. This process potentially could affect the manufacture of millions of consumer and industrial products.

Retrofitting older HVAC machines can safe money (Mechanical Engineering) (06/18/2002)
Revamping older equipment with new controls can cut electric bills and save energy.

Environmental engineer receives patent on water-treatment device (Pollution Online News) (06/18/2002)
Treatment device renders perchlorate, which is found in drinking water, harmless. It also works on nitrate and is suspected to be equally successful on bromate, selenate, heavy metals, radionuclides, and a range of chlorinated solvents.

EPA celebrates initiative for environmentally responsible commuting (USEPA) (06/18/2002)
In May, EPA Administrator Whitman joined Federal Highway Administrator Mary Peters to recognize companies that provide employees with benefits that improve the environment and reduce the number of cars on the road. This program, called the Commuter Choice Leadership Initiative, helps change commuting behavior by offering alternatives to riding solo in a car.

Environmental conference set for those interested in Kansas (Kansas Department of Health and Environment) (06/18/2002)
The environmental conference, scheduled Aug. 27 in Topeka, Kan., will provide attendees with information on current trends, policies and technologies.

Dry cleaning undergoes some environmental changes (Southwest Journal) (06/11/2002)
Two Minneapolis, Minn., businesses dump old dry cleaning practices.

Finding natural pesticides in insects (USDA) (06/11/2002)
Scientists researching how dead insects and nematodes could be used as natural pesticide

Potato rot fungus can be stopped with bacteria(USDA) (06/11/2002)
Scientists closer to developing natural anti-fungal agent to stop potato rot.

New technique better at catching carbon dioxide (Los Alamos National Laboratory) (06/04/2002)
The Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory is developing a high-temperature polymer member that will separate and capture carbon dioxide so it won't escape into the atmosphere. This new technique could result in a reduction in the amount of CO2 emitted from industrial processes.

All electrical vehicles rolled out in California (Fuel Cell Today) (06/03/2002)
The RAV4-EV meets California's low-emission standards but it still has some hurdles to overcome.

Scientists Offer Evidence of Vinegar's Weed Killing Ability (USDA) (05/24/2002)
Vinegar has been used for some time as an herbicide and pesticide, but no one has tested it scientifically until now. Tests performed by scientists from the USDA's Agricultural Research Service show that vinegar may be an effective weedkiller that is inexpensive and environmentally friendly.

Wood Chips Clean Up Iowa Waters (Des Moines Register) (05/02/2002)
By lining underground drainage tiles with wood chips, federal researchers in Ames, Iowa have found a way to eliminate much of the nitrate runoff from farm fields. The technique converts 70 percent of the nitrates into harmless gas, which could significantly reduce some drinking water health risks and reduce teh amount of nitrates that reach the Gulf of Mexico.

Cargill Dow Brings Plant On Line to Produce Plastic from Corn (Cargill Dow LLC) (04/24/2002)
Cargill Dow has created the world’s first global-scale facility able to produce commercial-grade plastic from renewable resources such as corn. The technology could lead to a significant reduction in fossil fuel consumption and green house gas emissions.

Bluestem Solid Waste Agency Experiments with Reusable Landfill (Omaha World Herald) (03/26/2002)
A new landfill technology may help save money, and the environment, by making landfills reusable. The Bluestem Solid Waste Agency and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources have built a bioreactor that uses bacteria to eliminate the waste, making room for more refuse.

Pioneer Turns Excess Corn Into Energy (Des Moines Register) (02/08/2002)
Pioneer Hi-Bred International and Carbon Energy Technology Inc. are testing a process that will burn unused corn material to create heat for drying seed corn. This process will eliminate some of the cost of discarding excess corn material, and will reduce energy costs.

Wichita State Professor Uses Corn Waste Products to Remove Water Pollutants (Wichita State University) (01/18/2002)
A professor at Wichita State University has developed a method of cleaning up wastewater using cheap, readily available waste corn products. His technique makes the cleaning process less expensive, and more environmentally friendly.

Cargill Dow Venture Produces Plastic from Corn (Omaha World Herald) (01/07/2002)
At a new $300 million plant in Blair, Nebraska, Cargill Incorporated and Dow Chemical Company are collaborating to use the starch found in corn to produce plastic for various products such as plastic films, cups, and fabric blends.

Livestock Waste Provides Cheap Energy at Northwest Missouri State University (Omaha World Herald) (01/04/2002)
For 20 years, the university's alternative-fuel program has produced up to 80 percent of the campus's thermal energy. The latest process combines manure from the campus farm with sawdust, to provide an efficient and cheap alternative for natural gas.

Water Extraction Reduces Hazardous Solvents in Food and Pharmaceutical Production (University of Arkansas) (01/03/2002)
University of Arkansas researchers have developed a water-based extraction process that replaces the traditional industrial solvents used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Water extraction will reduce the cost of solvents, and will offer a more simplified, environmentally friendly process.

New Process Helps Capture Landfill Gas (US Department of Energy) (12/14/2001)
This new process, developed by Acrion Technologies, Incorporated, could significantly reduce the amount of air pollution generated by municipal landfills, and help find markets for those gases. This process extracts CO2 for producing erergy, and other commercial uses.

Nebraska Public Power District Installs State's First Soy Oil Transformer (Waverly Light and Power) (12/14/2001)
The Nebraska Public Power District has installed an environmentally friendly transformer filled with soybean-based oil, instead of the traditionally used mineral oil. The oil cools the transformers, which are heated from to the strong electical currents passed through them.

Recycled Poultry Litter Bound for Midwest (Perdue Farms) (12/07/2001)
An environmentally friendly process is being used to capture nitrogen and phosphorus from poultry litter, while preserving the organic matter. The resulting fertilizer pellets will be used in nutrient-deficient grain farms in the midwest.

Omaha to Receive Renewable Energy from Wind, Methane (Omaha World Herald) (11/16/2001)
Noticing customer demand for renewable energy sources, the Omaha Public Power District will soon become the largest generator of renewable energy in the state. In the first half of next year, OPPD will bring a wind turbine online and will start up a plant that will tap methane gas from a local landfill.

Iowa Recreational Trail Paves Way for 'Glassphalt' (Omaha World Herald) (11/16/2001)
A new recreational trail in Cedar Falls, Iowa is using crushed class in place of some of the sand used in the asphalt. The trail demonstrates that the glass mix is safe and provides a greater market for recycled glass, potentially keeping tons of glass materials out of landfills.

Iowa Straw-Bale Homes Show Energy Benefits (Omaha World Herald) (11/02/2001)
The low cost and high insulation rating of straw bales have created interest in using these blocks in home construction. A private, non-profit group is building two such homes in an Iowa town, highlighting the functionality and benefits of straw bales.

Green Membrane Improves Filtration Process, Reduces Cost (University of Arkansas) (10/18/2001)
Researchers at the University of Arkansas have developed a whey protein-based membrane. This membrane can reduce the cost and improve the efficiency of filtration in various industries ranging from pharmaceuticals to petrochemicals.

Diesel-Powered Fuel Cell Developed at University of Pennsylvania (University of Pennsylvania) (09/13/2001)
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have developed the first prototype fuel cell able to run on a readily available liquid fuel source. Their work with diesel fuel brings fuel cells closer to reality, offering a viable source of efficient power.

Fuel Cell to Generate Electricity at Omaha Zoo (Omaha World Herald) (08/29/2001)
The Omaha Public Power District has implemented fuel cell technology to supply about half of the power requirements at the Omaha Henry Doorly Zoo's Lied Jungle. The system will heat the jungle, the jungle's pools, and the water for restrooms and an adjacent restaurant.

Researcher Developing Method to Clean Up Roadway Runoff (University of Rhode Island) (08/20/2001)
Thomas Boving, assistant professor of geosciences at the University of Rhode Island, is testing the effectiveness of wood chips as a method to filter contaminants from rain water runoff. His research shows that this cheap, environmentally friendly material appears to capture pollutants well.

New Technology Cleans Up Hog Farm Wastewater (USDA) (08/09/2001)
Scientists at the USDA's Agricultural Research Service have developed a method to remove the ammonia form of nitrogen from hog waste. The technology uses bacteria encapsulated in polymer gel pellets to break down the ammonia into a safe, natural form of nitrogen.

Missouri Plant to Convert Packinghouse Waste Into Oil (Omaha World Herald) (07/31/2001)
Individuals have discovered a process to convert poultry-processing waste into oil that can be refined into gasoline, with water as the only byproduct of the process. A new, $15 million plant, constructed in Carthage, Missouri, should begin production in the spring of 2002, processing 200 tons per day.

Soybean Oil Additive May Clean Up Jet Fuel (EarthVision Environmental News) (07/12/2001)
The USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is helping promote the use of biodiesel jet fuels. The latest winterized formulas of jet fuel blended with soybean oil may help expand the market for these blends, especially in the US military.

Four-legged Power Source (Omaha World Herald) (07/06/2001)
An agricultural engineer for Iowa State University Extension has designed a system that converts cow manure into energy. The system produces biogas, which is burned to make energy for heating water, and possibly for generating electricity.

Media Groups Cover Technology to Tap Energy from Traffic (Gravitational Systems) (07/05/2001)
A New York city engineering firm has received a patent for its "traffic tap." The device converts the weight of car & truck traffic into fluid pressure, which powers nearby generators.

Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award Winners Announced (USEPA) (07/03/2001)
This year's Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge has resulted in some unique and innovative methods of improving environmental health. After reviewing seventy nominations, awards were given in five categories.

Department of Energy Awards $85 Million for Energy Efficiency Research (Department of Energy) (06/29/2001)
The Department of Energy has awarded $85 million to 18 organizations and 5 univerities for energy efficiency and clean energy research.

Palmer and Arbor Day Foundation Building Eco-Friendly Golf Course in Nebraska (Yahoo) (06/28/2001)
Arnold Palmer and the Arbor Day Foundation are supporting an environmentally friendly golf course in Nebraska City, Nebraska. The course will be nestled in the rolling, wooded hills near the Missouri River, and will be designed to require less chemical treatment than traditional courses.

USDA Approves $12.5 Million Loan for New Ethanol Plant in Iowa (USDA) (06/26/2001)
The USDA has approved a $12.5 million loan guarantee for the construction of an 18 million gallon per year ethanol production facility in Galva, Iowa. This facility will open new markets for farmers and help to meet the growing demand for alternative energy sources.

New Technology Turns Paper Mill Waste Into Profit (Lehigh University) (06/21/2001)
Israel E. Wachs, professor of chemical engineering at Legigh University, has discovered a method that converts a polluting by-product of the paper milling process into formaldehyde, a useful product.

Missouri Department of Natural Resources Adds Electric Truck to Fleet (Missouri Department of Natural Resources) (06/15/2001)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has loaned a zero-emissions electric truck to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. The 2001 Ford Electric Ranger, a battery-powered compact pickup truck, will be with the department for the next three years.

General Motors to Produce Fuel Cell Vehicle This Decade (MSN Carpoint) (06/05/2001)
General Motors' HydroGen1 is powered by an electric motor that runs on current from a pure hydrogen fuel cell. This system provides the minivan-like vehicle a top speed of 85 mph, and a range of 250 miles.

Technology Enables Higher Recycled Content in Plastic Products (Lehigh University) (06/01/2001)
A Lehigh University professor has developed a simple technique to produce stronger, more environmentally friendly plastic products.

Iowa State University Developing Environmentally Friendly Highway Reflectors (Ames Tribune) (05/31/2001)
Iowa State University and the Iowa Department of Transportation have joined forces to develop road reflectors made from soy protein and biodegradable plastic. These reflectors help drivers see the road in adverse conditions, and will help the environment.

Wind Power Development Explored in Nebraska (Omaha World Herald) (05/25/2001)
The Omaha Public Power District will join with Valmont Industries to erect the utility's first wind turbine. OPPD looks at the venture as a chance to test the viability of wind power in eastern Nebraska.

Bruning Grain and Feed Helps Themselves, Environment With Soybean Drip Oil (University of Nebraska - Lincoln) (05/02/2001)
Bruning Grain and Feed, in Bruning, Nebraska is helping the farm economy, the environment, and their own economic situation through the development of soybean drip oil. The oil is used for lubricating pumps in center pivot irrigation systems.

Wastewater Filtration With Soybean Hulls (Agricultural Research Service) (04/06/2001)
Soybean hulls, the seed's outer coat, account for a high volume of agricultural waste. Now, these hulls may be able to remove toxic metals when used to filter industrial wastewater.

Biodegradable Cups Made From Corn (Green Business Network) (04/02/2001)
Cargill Dow LLC has announced its latest product made from corn-derived fibers and plastic. The new product is a clear drinking cup that will add to the array of food service products developed by the joint venture that can be composted after use.

Kansas Company Supplies Iowa's Biodiesel (Environmental News Network) (03/23/2001)
City buses in Cedar Rapids, Iowa are now burning biodiesel made from soybeans. The biodiesel performs similarly to traditional petroleum diesel and already meets ultral low emission standards for 2006.

Report Shows Economic Potential for Wind Power in Nebraska (Union of Concerned Scientists) (02/23/2001)
According to a recent study performed by the Union of Concerned Scientists, harvesting Nebraska's abundant wind energy could significantly bolster the state's economy. This could help the state maintain its low electricity rates and contribute to its rural development.

Energy Star Announces Energy Efficient Traffic Signals (Energy Star) (02/15/2001)
These new LED traffic signals use 6 to 25 watts under normal conditions, while traditional signals use 70 to 150 watts. This translates into savings of more than more than 90 percent in energy bills for traffic signals, or savings of 1 million kWh of energy and nearly $70,000 a year for every 100 signalized intersections replaced.

New Energy-Saving Sensor Developed (Earth Vision) (02/02/2001)
Engineers at Virginia Tech have developed a sensor that can be used to reduce energy needs and reduce the emissions of pollutants in a number of industries. These sensors should have the most benefits in the transportation and power generation industries, as well as the glass, steel, and aluminum manufacturing industries.

Wave Power Used to Generate Electricity (MSNBC) (01/10/2001)
A Scottish company is harnassing the energy in the ocean's waves to create a pollution-free source of electricity. The wave power plant produces enough electricity to light 400 homes. The company hopes the technology will spread to other parts of the world with access to the ocean.

Leasing Use of Products Seen as Green Trend (Environmental News Network) (01/10/2001)
An increasing number of manufacturers are leasing their products to consumers, rather than selling them. Leasing offers a competitive advantage in the market. Leasing products over and over results in the manufacturer purchasing less materials. In addition, this reuse of products is good for the environment.

Wave Power Used to Generate Electricity (MSNBC) (01/10/2001)
A Scottish company is harnassing the energy in the ocean's waves to create a pollution-free source of electricity. The wave power plant produces enough electricity to light 400 homes. The company hopes to expand its technology to other parts of the world.

Green Rooftops Reduce Energy and Pollution (Environmental News Network) (01/02/2001)
During summer, the temperature of a typical flat rooftop can reach 140 degrees Fahrenheit. However, an innovative technology has been developed to reduce this temperature. The process involves growing grass on rooftops which cools the roof and greatly reduces the building's energy consumption.

Environmentally Friendly Procedure for Making Durable Coatings Developed (EarthVision Environmental News) (12/20/2000)
Products intended to be used in a wet environment need some sort of waterproof or water-resistant coating. However, many of the most durable coatings are produced with harsh or toxic materials. Now, a new procedure makes flexible coatings more durable and water-resistant, without the use of environmentally harmful solvents.

Self-Contained Wastewater Treatment System Implemented in Office Building (EarthVision Environmental News) (12/20/2000)
A North Carolina State University water quality specialist has created a self-contained wetland in an office building. The system is the first of its kind in the U.S. for recycling and reusing a building's wastewater. The process simulates the purification procedure that occurs naturally in an ecosystem. Each day, the system cleans and reuses 1,200 gallons of wastewater generated by the building's employees.

Appeal for Renewable Fuels is Back (Business Week) (12/12/2000)
Major petroleum companies are putting significant efforts into researching and developing alternative fuel sources such as fuel cells, wind, solar energy, geothermal steam, garbage by-products, and nuclear technology. This reflects the growing demand in alternative energy sources that has been seen in recent years.

Company Converts Organic Wastes Into Energy (Des Moines Register) (11/21/2000)
Biomass Energy Conversion is a company that converts agricultural and food-industry waste into fuel. The company takes advantage of the fact that nearly any organic material can be used to create some type of energy. Facilities to produce this energy are being developed in Iowa.

ACEEE Report Identifies Industrial Energy Saving Technologies (American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy) (11/14/2000)
In this report, the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) describes new methods for industrial energy savings. Today, the industrial sector faces a stronger need to become more energy efficient. In the sector's current state of environmental awareness and increasing competitiveness, the technologies highlighted in the Emerging Energy-Efficient Industrial Technologies report can help industry become "leaner and greener."

Lasers Used to Measure Vehicle Emissions (Stanford University) (11/10/2000)
Certain lasers used by Stanford University researchers are being used to figure out which kinds of molecules, and how much of each, are present in vehicle emissions. Applications of this new technology are expanding from research labs to industry.

Biomass to Energy Facilities Being Developed (DukeSolutions ) (10/27/2000)
DukeSolutions and Harmony Products hope to put animal-waste to good use in their biomass processing plants. The plants will use this waste to produce energy. One plant is being developed in Virginia, with plans to build more in the Southeast and Midwest. The complete story is located in the Newsroom section of their homepage.

Tour to Boast Energy Efficient Homes (Kansas City Star) (10/13/2000)
A tour of homes in the Kansas City area will illustrate design techniques that will help ease the pain of higher heating fuel costs this winter. From using efficient insulation to taking advantage of wind energy, investing in energy-saving technology can result in an overall profit within a few short years.

Solar Energy House Shines (ASHRAE Journal) (10/03/2000)
This house built in the northern New England area uses the limited amount of sunlight to provide a comfortable living environment. The home emphasizes energy efficient construction. The extra costs associated with building this house are now outweighed by the energy savings the owners experience. The full PDF version can be found in the September 2000 issue of the ASHRAE Journal.

Farmers Ponder Potential For Harvesting Wind (Lincoln Journal Star) (09/21/2000)
Nebraska has enough wind energy blowing over its land to power the entire state, yet much of this energy remains untapped. However, lower corn prices may persuade Nebraska farmers to transform their fields of crops into fields of wind turbines, and harvest the resultant added income potential. Nebraska Governor Mike Johanns addressed this issue recently at the Nebraska Wind Energy Forum.

Dinnerware Turned to Compost (Earth Vision) (09/14/2000)
The USDA has been experimenting with turning biodegradable dinnerware items into compost. The US Department of the Interior's main cafeteria has been using EarthShell Packaging dinnerware, made mostly of limestone and starch. Since the switch in 1999, the amount of waste sent to landfills from the cafeteria has decreased by 24 percent.

Lard Used in Boilers is Cleaner Than Fuel Oil (Penn State University) (09/06/2000)
Pork producers try to find a market for virtually every part of the pig. However, the use of lard in foods has decreased. In search of various uses, should lard become unmarketable, Penn State researchers have discovered that lard and choice white grease can replace certain fuel oils in a process steam boiler with little or no retrofitting.

New Gasoline Processor For Fuel Cell (EarthVision Environmental News) (08/31/2000)
General Motors Corporation (GM) and Exxon Mobil Corporation have collaborated to produce a highly efficient gasoline fuel processor for fuel cell vehicles. The processor may potentially lead to reduced emissions and improved fuel efficiency. GM plans to use this new technology in a trial vehicle within 18 months.

Energy-Efficient Manufactured Home Built With Structural Insulated Panels (PNNL) (08/24/2000)
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has built possibly the most energy-efficient manufactured home ever constructed. It is the first manufacuted home ever built with the energy-efficient foam core panels. Heating and cooling costs of the structure could be up to 50 percent lower than a manufactured home built to the minimum HUD levels.

Department of Energy Offers $15 M Plus For Biomass Research (ENS) (07/28/2000)
The DOE will award $8,036,000 over the next two years to research the development of cleaner burning fuels. The development includes a process that combines fossil fuels with agricultural and forestry by-products to create fuels that have significant potential environmental benefits.

Robot Uses Sugar Cubes For Energy (ENS) (07/27/2000)
A researcher has invented a robot powered by food. The robot is powered by a microbial fuel cell, a device that uses a population of bacteria to break down food and convert chemical energy into electricity. It will make its first public appearance in August at a robotics conference in Hawaii.

Replacing Global-Warming Refrigerant With Carbon Dioxide (Science Daily) (07/13/2000)
Carbon Dioxide was a common refrigerant in the early 1900's, but industry trends later switched to manmade chemicals. Today, scientists are perfecting air-conditioning systems that use carbon dioxide as a refrigerant instead of the synthetic global-warming and ozone-depleting chemicals.

Compostible Plastics! (P2NW) (06/26/2000)
Cargill and Dow Chemical have a joint venture that will produce polylactide polymers by fermenting dextrose from corn. Results: compostable plastics, and solvents, lubricants and coatings derived from plant-based sugars and oils.

"Bio-based Industrial Products" (P2NW) (06/26/2000)
National Academy Press title states bio-based products have the potential to be more benign to the environment than petroleum-based sources, with reduced carbon dioxide emissions, reduced hazardous waste generation, and biodegradability. Interesting case study of lignocellulose-ethanol processing in this on-line book.

Lubrizol and GE Announce Joint Venture (Chemical Online) (05/03/2000)
GE Transportation Systems and Lubrizol Corp. will develop and market products and services to manage critical diesel engine fluids to optimize service intervals and improve fuel consumption.

The Shape Of Things To Come: Metabolic Engineering (USEPA) (04/17/2000)
Metabolic Engineering is a new approach to nderstanding and using metabolic processes. ME is the targeted and purposeful alteration of metabolic pathways found in an organism in order to better understand and use cellular pathways.

Finally a Stamp Of Approval For Lumber (Seatle Time) (11/29/1999)
Environmetally certified lumber is now in stores

A New Environmentalism Takes Root (Boston Review) (11/29/1999)
Suggested reading

K-State Researchers To Explore Benefits of CO2 In The Soil (Pollution Online) (11/22/1999)
K-State researchers are studying the benefits increases of CO2 can have on reducing water pollution, improve soil quality, increase in crop yield and reduction in the need of fertilizers

"Green Permits" (The Oregonian) (11/18/1999)
Goverment incentive program to persuade business to approach problems government cannot control

Call To Account With Business Eager To Show Social And Environmental Sensitivity, Accounting Firms Have A New Bottom Line. (Time magazine) (10/18/1999)
Companies are turning to big accounting firms to handle their auditing of environmental and social reports, which in turn rises new issues for accounting firms.

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