Kaichang Li Develops New Soy-Based Plywood Resin
Dr. Kaichang Li of Oregon State University has developed a new soy-based protein adhesive that has hit the press. This new resin system is featured on this month's ToolBase News Service published by the PATH program. The development is also presented in Yahoo Finance news releases.
- New Adhesive Keeping Things Together for the Industry
- New Adhesive May Impact Wood Product, Soy Bean Industries
These technologies are a tremendous example of how innovative bioproducts can present real contributions to materials, traditionally founded in synthetic chemistries. If you are interested in reading some of the details regarding Kaichang's research here are a few links.
Peer Reviewed Papers
- Rogers, J., X. Geng, and K. Li. 2004. Soy-based adhesives with 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol as curing agent. Wood Fiber Sci. 36(2):186-194.
- Li, K., S. Peshkova, and X. Geng. 2004. Investigation of soy protein-kymene adhesive systems for wood composites. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 81(5)487-491.
- Liu, Y., and K. Li. 2004. Modification of soy protein for wood adhesives using mussel protein as a model: the influence of a mercapto group. Macromol. Rapid Commun: 25(21):1835-1838.
- Liu, Y., and K. Li. 2002. Chemical modification of soy protein for wood adhesives. Macromol. Rapid Commun. 23(13):739-742.
US Patent and Trademark Office
- Adhesive compositions and methods of using and making the same
- Formaldehyde-free lignocellulosic adhesives and composites made from the adhesives
- Modified protein adhesives and lignocellulosic composites made from the adhesives
BTW... Kaichang is a member of our blog!
Wednesday, April 27, 2005
FY06 DOE Solicitation: Forest Products Industry of the Future
The Agenda 2020 Recycling Task Group Co-Chairs want to advise you that the U.S. Department of Energy's Agenda 2020 Solicitation: Forest Products Industry of the Future has just been announced. FY 2006 awards will be in the range of $100,000 to $2 million.
Please circulate this announcement to all individuals at academic institutions, companies, and organizations that may be interested in responding. We are anxious to continue to have research supported through the Department of Energy that advances the research needs of paper recycling.
The deadline to respond is August 2, 2005. Project awards will be announced in January/February 2006, with funding to begin in October 2006. Funding solicitation reflects the desire to fund 1-2 awards to develop and field test advanced water removal technologies, and 5-10 awards to define next generation mill process concepts. Technologies should achieve energy savings greater than 10 trillion BTUs/yr and about 30% reduction in energy intensity over existing technologies when fully implemented across the industry.
In the Agenda 2020 recycling area, the industry is specifically interested in innovative mill systems that will improve paper fiber recovery and energy efficiency. This includes:
- New and novel approaches to repulp and clean fibers from recovered paper that will lower energy use, reduce water consumption, allow the use of "dirtier" paper (lower cost), and limit the number of "operations" required.
- Discover fundamental mechanisms that cause separation of fiber and contaminants. Use this knowledge to develop new breakthrough equipment to dramatically lower energy usage and cost and improve product quality.
- Develop new systems to separate recycled fibers that minimize deterioration of strength, flexibility, brightness/whiteness, and bonding capability.
- Remove stickies in the mill process using less water and energy.
- Develop equipment to remove stickies or optimize existing equipment through new and novel ways.
For award details and application, go to the following URL: [DOE RFP]
Below is a table and link to projects previously funded by this program:
These projects focus on improving the repulping, screening, cleaning, and deinking processes to produce a more economical fiber recovery process that produces fibers equivalent to virgin fiber.
- Mechatronic Design and Control of a Waste Paper Sorting System for Efficient Recycling (PDF 116 KB)
- Decontamination of Process Streams Through Electrohydraulic Discharge (PDF 97 KB)
- Surfactant Spray: A Novel Technology to Improve Flotation Deinking Performance (PDF 162 KB)
- Development of Screenable Wax Coatings and Water-Based Pressure Sensitive Adhesives
Bioenergy in Wood Industry 2005 Conference
To download a program brochure, click on the neighboring figure or follow this link:
[download BioEnergy'05.pdf 347Mb]
Tuesday, April 26, 2005
Funding Request of Safety Research with Nanotechnology
Attached is a document that SWST members interested in nanotechnology may find of interest. The environmental group, Environmental Defense, lays out its concerns about the environmental, safety and health impacts of nanomaterials and calls for research on their impacts.
Thanks to Ted Wegner
Monday, April 25, 2005
With Diminishing Oil Supplies, Wood Residue Remains an Untapped
An international conference being held October 19 to 21 will discuss using wood residue as an energy source. This conference information is distributed by Craig Rawlings at Smallwood News. To register for this automated news service, follow this [LINK]
Vancouver, BC - Right now across North America, there is the equivalent, in energy values, of millions of barrels of oil in reserves, reserves that are currently untapped.
At a time when oil prices are reaching near record highs, and prices at the gas pumps match those lofty levels, an international conference being held in Vancouver in October will focus on the technologies that can deliver energy from residual wood fibre that is currently not being utilized by the forest industry or the energy industry.
The Residue-To-Revenue Residual Wood Conference, being held October 16 to 21 at the Delta Vancouver Airport Hotel, will have a strong focus on energy related solutions-and technologies-for wood waste at a time when global energy demand continues to grow, and supplies of wood residue that could meet that need are readily available.
"With energy prices so high, we are at a point where we can move forward with new technologies and achieve critical mass in generating energy from residual wood," says conference co-chair and industry consultant Bill Carlson, of Carlson Small Power Consultants. "With these high energy prices, this is probably the best time 'window' for going ahead with projects involving wood waste and biomass since the late 1980s."
Due to the relatively large capital requirements-and long term purchasing commitments-of the projects that involve the use of renewable energy sources such as residual wood, interest in these projects rises and falls with energy prices. "With oil prices well north of $50 US a barrel, the timing could not be better for a conference reviewing the huge business potential of residual wood in generating energy," says Carlson.
In addition to the energy focus, the Residual Wood conference will offer a broad overview of what is going on in residual wood utilization in North America and Europe, especially in the forest where the Europeans are working to get the most out of their wood fibre. "We will be taking a look at how projects have used residual wood and why and how they have been successful," says Carlson.
This is the sixth Residual Wood Conference, reflecting the ongoing importance of dealing with residual wood. Stuart McCormick, leader for residuals and solid waste management issues for forest company Weyerhaeuser, is the past co-chair of the conference and a current committee member, and says that each conference has seen increasing interest in residual wood, but rising energy prices bring the issue into sharper focus. "It's amazing how interested businesses can get in looking at alternative sources of energy, such as residual wood, when their fuel costs are going through the roof." Also co-chairing the conference is Michael Jordan, Corporate Environment and Energy Manager for Canfor, one of North America's largest lumber producers.
In the past, increases in the price of oil have been seen as temporary "spikes", with prices falling after an initial jump. But a number of prominent energy analysts are now predicting that high energy prices are here to stay-making alternative energy sources such as residual wood very attractive. Added to that, there is a fast-growing trend for power utilities across North American to use power generated from green sources, such as residual wood and biomass. A number of public utilities have undertaken to procure a certain percentage of their energy on a "green" basis. The use of residual wood-compared to using fossil fuels-for power generation could contribute to solving problems related to the generation of greenhouse gases and climate change.There is no question that green energy from the forest holds great promise for North America, says Carlson. "The continent holds the equivalent of many millions of barrels of oil in the millions of cubic metres of wood residue and biomass that already exists. While it may take high tech plants to convert this residue into energy, it doesn't involve drilling a single oil or gas well."Carlson noted that residual wood and biomass technology may be costly, but it also has a number of advantages. "It is renewable and we have all the biomass we need in the forests of North America-we don't have to import any of it from the Middle East or other unstable regions of the world."
Besides generating energy from biomass, Wild Fire/Healthy Forest Initiatives, Climate Change and the Kyoto Accord will be among the topics addressed by an international group of speakers. In addition to two full days of speakers, the conference will also profile-through the Supplier's Showcase-the technology and products of more than 25 companies involved in the residual wood business.
Held every two years, the conference is sponsored by Logging & Sawmilling Journal of North Vancouver, B.C., Canada's leading forest industry magazine, and TimberWest, of Edmonds, Washington, the leading forest industry magazine covering the American West.
Valon Kone Brunette Ltd. is a major sponsor of the conference and other sponsors include Natural Resources Canada and the Forest Products Association of Canada.
Registration for the Residue to Revenue Conference-being held October 19 to 21 at the Delta Vancouver Airport in Richmond, BC-can be obtained by contacting Logging & Sawmilling Journal at (604) 990-9970 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. The full conference line-up can be viewed at the Logging & Sawmilling Journal web site at http://www.forestnet.com/
For more information on the conference, please contact:
Jan Raulin, Conference Manager
Logging & Sawmilling Journal
Cell: (604) 541-7562-9355
US House Passes AF&PA Backed Energy Bill
With AF&PA's support, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an Energy Policy Act that had been in the making for the past four years. The legislation targets high energy costs and their effect on the U.S. economy.
The bill is designed to increase access to natural gas supplies, expedite new Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminals and provide regulatory certainty to encourage needed investment in new infrastructure. The legislation also included AF&PA-backed provisions granting access to the electricity grid for industrial co-generators.
AF&PA played a leading role in stripping "participant funding" from the legislation. "Participant funding" provisions contained in earlier versions would have permitted monopoly utilities to force new industrial co-generators to pay the entire cost of transmission grid upgrades - even when other entities would benefit.
AF&PA continues to work with the Senate to ensure they pass acceptable energy legislation. The Senate is expected to consider its version of a comprehensive energy bill in mid-May. (Donna Harman, 202-463-2476; Sharon Kneiss, 202-463-2580)
Two different stories on the same legislation can be found here:
Applauds House for Passage of Energy Bill, Looks to Senate for Action
House of Representatives has passed a major energy bill amid concerns that
high energy costs are undermining U.S. economic activity and consumer
- Rep. Bart Stupak, D-Menominee, said the bill "does not go far enough to ... or provide adequate funding to explore renewable energy options."
Friday, April 22, 2005
Report on Regional and Local Nanotechnology Initiatives
Ted Wegner recently passed along a
document from the National Nanotechnology Initiative Nanoscale Science,
Engineering and Technology Subcommittee (NSET) that outlines different Regional
and State Initiatives addressing nanotechnology programs. You
may download this document at this link:
This report was just now released and is a result of workshops held during the fall of 2003 and 2004.
In passing along this document, Ted highlights that “Our participation ... gives us access to documentation that we might not be aware of otherwise. We will be sending out information that you may find to be useful from this group as it becomes available.” These are excellent points to take home about the value of us cooperatively prioritizing our research needs and cooperating with groups not traditionally in our research spheres. My hat goes off to Ted and his Forest Service colleagues that initiated this effort with the Department of Energy Industrial Technology Program. Also, I appreciate the ongoing efforts of Tim Rials in representing SWST in this effort.
A synopsis from the Executive Summary of this document includes:
Around the country, states, cities, and universities are aggressively pursuing nanotechnology-based economic development strategies. However, the resource commitments are a small fraction of the economies in which they are operating.
Investments are complicated at the state and local level by tremendous fiscal pressure. As a result, state and local governments lack sufficient funds to support robust nanotechnology development efforts and struggle even to fund the coordinating efforts of initiative principals, such as those who took part in this workshop. It is, therefore, imperative that state, local, and regional efforts be very focused and highly effective. If not, the regions making investments will be no closer to achieving their objectives.
The Nation’s experience with the development of biotechnology clusters and the billions of dollars that have been poured into them has provided insight into the necessary ingredients for successful technology based economic development strategies. Current thinking on economic development stresses the importance of systems orientation. No one dimension, whether it be research excellence, infrastructure, technical and management talent, risk capital, or an entrepreneurial culture, is likely to be sufficient to successfully build a nanotechnology cluster.
Wednesday, April 13, 2005
Forest Products Gets Top Billing on National Nanotechnology Initiative Website!
Again, thanks go out to Ted Wegner and all of the members of the Nanotechnology in Forest Products task force. I have included a copy of Ted's email below for your reference...
We have good news!! Our forest products industry roadmap is being featured
on the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) website (www.nano.gov). We
have top billing.
According to Clayton Teague of the National Nanotechnology Coordinating
Office for the NNI, Google relates that the NNI website is the 2nd to 5th
most hit site on the entire internet web for searches with the word
So we have reached an important milestone.
Please take the time to visit the website (before they change it!!)
Ted & Phil
Theodore H. Wegner
USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Internet e-mail: email@example.com
Sunday, April 10, 2005
Forest Products Industry of the Future
The Department of Energy has announced an RFP for the Forest Products Industry of the Future Program. This funding opportunity is primarily focused on the improvement in paper mill technologies to produce energy savings. The full program announcement can be viewed at the following LINK.
The focus of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to develop advanced water removal technologies used during the paper making process. In addition, this FOA seeks proposals to define, through early stage R&D, breakthrough concepts in next generation mill processes. Proposed research should focus on developments robust enough to handle process conditions found in systems of commercial interest. These technologies should achieve energy savings greater than 10 trillion BTUs per year and about 30 percent reduction in energy intensity over existing technologies when fully implemented across the industry. For the purpose of this FOA, technologies which displace fossil fuels with renewable energy resources are considered energy saving technologies. Proposals must show significant advantages over current technology and attractive returns on capital invested.
Friday, April 8, 2005
FY '06 Federal Budget Request for Nano Technology Research
You may download this interesting document at the following link:
[download nni_o6budget.pdf 1Mb]
Thank you to Ted Wegner for passing along this document.